It is of core importance to focus on regional-scale trends and flows, as opposed to inward-looking local-scale issues during the development of the Karoo RSDF. This point of view also influences the project’s approach to participation. As the Region is located within the administrative boundary of four Provinces, it is proposed that four major joint engagement events (one per Province) be held at four central venues in the Region, as opposed to smaller events in single District or Local Municipalities. This will be done to ensure buy-in and attendance by officials in all four provinces, but within the understanding that the focus is on the Karoo Region and the role and place of the Region in the Province and vice versa, and not the particular Province concerned. This ‘region-focused view’ is crucial, the engagement process is viewed as the first step towards breaking down institutional and other boundaries in the region, and facilitating and ensuring better stakeholder collaboration, regional-scale planning, and institutional integration in the Region. From this perspective, any action that is seen as supporting or approving of inwardly-focused, competitive municipal or provincial planning and development will be avoided in the engagement process.